Hemp is also called cannabis, China hemp, and Kui hemp. It is an annual herbaceous plant, with swift growth rate, mature period of 4-5 months and the stalk height of 3-5m, and is widely planted or grows in Asia, Africa, America, Europe, and Oceania. It is not the same species as the evil female plant of marijuana, the psychoactive ingredient of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in hemp is less than 0.3%, so this plant can't be used as raw material to produce drugs.
The industrial hemp is the foundation of characteristic agriculture and a new emerging green industry'featured by long industrial-chain, wide product range, high-tech content, high additive value, social benefit, economic profit and environmental protection. The hemp bast fiber can replace cotton; hemp xyloid stem can make paper, cotton viscose fiber, wood-plastic building furniture, automobile inner decoration, activated carbon, and active carbon. Hemp root can produce biofuel as the energy for generation and life. Hemp leaves and flowers are used to pharmacy to cure difficult and baffling diseases. In B.C. 2737, Shennong, the ancient Chinese pharmacologist, used hemp to cure gout, beriberi, malaria, and rheumatism, opening up the history of using hemp in cure. Presently, America has adopted medicines extracting hemp leaves in curing magersucht and asthma caused by glaucoma and Aids and nausea caused by cancer chemotherapy and the sequel of apoplexy.
Hemp seed contains 8 amino acids, and the unsaturated fatty acid content is nearly 90%, which are essential for human but can't be composed by human and lack in nature . The hemp seed can produce high-end edible oil. Extracting 30~40% w of fatty acid in the hemp seed, it can be made of hemp oil capsule with health function and the residual oil is available to be made biodiesel. The seed meal is capable of producing albumen powder and feed. As additive, the hempseed oil can produce cosmetics, paints and printing ink, etc. The Cannabis Semen (Hemp nut) has been listed in China Pharmacopoeia 2010 as the homology of medicine and food. It not only has abundance of nutrition, but also has many functional characteristic.