Steam distilled oil from ripe berries of Juniper Communis found in Jammu & Kashmir and in Lahaul-Spiti, Kinnaur and chamba Distt. of Himachal Pradesh.
Uses and Advance Studies:
Juniper Berry Oil is used widely in essence for the flavouring of beverages and liquors, particularly of the Gin and Sloegin type. Several European liquors, "Steinhager" have their characteristic flavour chiefly due to the presence of Juniper Berry Oil. The oil has been known for a long time as a diuretic. Because of its local irritating effect on inflamed organs, however, great care must be exercised during its administration. Juniper Berry Oi is carminative, Stimulant and Diuretic. It is useful in Stomatitis, chest trouble, Liver complaints, Piles, Labour Pain (Indian Medicinal Plants Vol.III).
Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Terpinen-4-ol.
Physico Chemical Properties:
COLOR = Colorless to very light yellow.
REFRACTIVE INDEX at 15°C = 1.4710 to 1.4780
SPECIFIC GRAVITY at 15°C = 0.84100 to 0.85600
OPTICAL ROTATION = +3° to +25°
FLASH POINT = 41°C.