Valeric acid is also known as pentanoic acid. It is a straight-chain alkyl carboxylic acid. Its chemical formula is C5H10O2. Valeric acid has a very unpleasant odor like the carboxylic acids with low molecular weight. It can be found in the perennial flowering plant valerian naturally, which is also known as valeriana officinalis. The most important function of valeric acid is in the synthesis of its esters. Volatile esters synthesized from valeric acid have more pleasant odors compared with valeric acid. It is can be used in perfumes and cosmetics.
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